Karakalpakstan is famous for its heroes who contributed to the Great Victory. It should be noted that each of them had their own destiny, but they all were united by one thing - Motherland. They had something to live for - mothers were waiting for them at home, wives who prayed for them and loving children who wanted to hear "son, daughter, and here is dad at home." Can you imagine the joy of each letter received from the soldiers? When every word warms the soul and strengthens the hope of a speedy meeting.
Together with other Soviet people, the inhabitants of Karakalpakstan held the defense of the Brest Fortress and Leningrad, fought on the Kursk Bulge, crossed the Dnieper, liberated Romania, Yugoslavia, Poland, and stormed Berlin. Fifteen Karakalpakstan citizens were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. Among them, Inoyat Nauruzbaev, Mikhail Bulatov, Plis Nurpeisov, Dzhumagali Kaldykoraev, Nikolai Makhorin and others.
The war left its mark in the life of the people of Karakalpakstan. Today the country celebrates the 75th anniversary of the Great Victory. We present to your attention the heroes of Karakalpakstan who fought for the future of the children of their motherland, for us.
Sabir Kamalovich Kamalov
Sabir Kamalov is a Soviet and Karakalpak historian, doctor of historical sciences, professor, academician of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan. Specialist in the history, ethnography and culture of the Karakalpaks. He studied the relationship of the Karakalpaks with other peoples of Central Asia and with Russia. The author of more than 300 scientific papers.
Medals “For Military Merit”, “For Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945”, “For Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945”, “Zhasorat” (1994), “Shukhrat” (1994 )
Born in an unnamed village on the territory of the Amu Darya department of the Syr Darya region of the Turkestan ASSR, now part of the Turtkul region of the Republic of Karakalpakstan in the Republic of Uzbekistan. Inoyat Nauruzbaev went to war in 1941. North - Western Front, Voronezh, battles for the Dnieper. Historical reports say that the fighter Nauruzbaev October 2, 1943, along with other fighters began to cross the Dnieper. He defended the Khreshchatyk village of the Cherkasy region of the Cherkasy region of the Ukrainian USSR from the Nazis, like a native village, not letting the enemy go to the line for aimed fire on the crossing. Two weeks later, in the same village, the machine gunner destroyed 42 German invaders and 3 firing points. Courage and courage were shown, despite the wounds received in other battles. On February 22, 1944, by a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council, Red Army soldier Nauruzbaev was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. The twenty-six-year-old fighter from the banks of the Amu Darya was also awarded the Order of Lenin and the Golden Star medal.
To the front, a 19-year-old tractor driver Dzhumagali Kaldykoraeva from the aul Ivan - the apple of the Khojeyli district of the Karakalpak ASSR. At the end of September 1942, Kaldykoraev and his fellow soldiers were able to capture and hold a section of the trenches of the Nazis. The first, follows from the award sheet, he crossed to the right bank of the Dnieper River in the area of the village of Komarin, Gomel Region, and entered into an unequal battle with the enemy. The raft of the Red Army was destroyed by the waves, they reached the coast by swimming with full arms. Kaldykoraev went on the assault, bombarding the enemies with grants, taking the survivors to flight. On January 15, 1944, the warrior was presented to the highest award - the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. But Kaldykoraev did not manage to get it. He died in battle in the city of Mozar in the Gomel region on January 26, 1944.
The Plis Nurpeisov family moved to Turtkul, a small village in Karakalpakia, when Plis was not even a year old.
The legendary pilot is considered his in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. The future "winged intelligence officer" was born in 1919, in the Kazalinsky district of Kyzyl - the Orda region of the Kazakh SSR.
The feat of the crew, whose navigator Nurpeisov flew for two years - this is more than 100 sorties into the enemy’s rear, aerial photography of 78 cities and ports, was discovered by winged scouts and more than 3,400 enemy railway trains, almost 32,000 military vehicles and 925 ships! According to some reports, it was Nurpeisov’s crew who was the first Soviet pilot to take pictures of the western part of the center of Berlin in March 1945. Before the victory, Hero of the Soviet Union Nurpeisov did not live a little more than two weeks. He was awarded a high rank posthumously. Streets in his small homeland are named after him - in Kazakhstan, Nukus and Kaliningrad. He is also worn by one of the Su-24MR planes of the 47th Guards Reconnaissance Aviation Regiment of Russia.
Nikolay Rakhmetov from the Ellikkalinsky district of Karakalpakstan, Navoi mahalla. The namesake of the hero of the novel Chernyshevsky "What to do?" before the war everyone knew how the Raimberds. From the war, a soldier came in by Nicholas, surprising his relatives and villagers with a new name. The front-line soldier strictly punished calling him only that way - in memory of another Kolka, whom he had lost in one of the fights. They were like brothers - a dark-skinned guy from Uzbekistan and a merry fellow Nikolai from Ukraine. They swore that after the death of one, the second will carry the name of a comrade through his whole life. In 1942, the battle near the Samara region of Raimberdy was seriously wounded, and soon Nikolai died near the Volga. So the “new” fighter appears in the division - Nikolai Rakhmetov, who fought for Stalingrad, who liberated Romania, Hungary and Czechoslovakia. He will meet victory in Prague, then there will be service in Austria, and three years after the end of the war, Rakhmetov will return home.
Ilyasov Askhat Ramazanovich
Ilyasov Askhat Ramazanovich, born in 1925, went to fight for his homeland from the city of Nukus at the age of 18. He was an artilleryman. Winner of the medals “For Courage”, “For Military Merit”, “For the Liberation of Prague”, “For the Capture of Berlin”, the Order of the Patriotic War of the 2nd degree, “Order of the Red Star”.
The order for his award reads as follows: "In battle, he proved himself a courageous and brave warrior. During the German counterattack, he kept himself calm and confident, letting the enemy close range, point-blank shot from his machine gun. In these battles, he killed a German officer."
Ilyasov Askhat liberated the cities of Europe from the Nazis and reached Berlin.
Allamuratov Saydjan was born on August 25, 1925 in the Karauzyak district of the Karakalpak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. When the war began, he was not yet 16 years old. In 1943, the year of the Battle of Stalingrad, when he was 18 years old, he was taken into the ranks of the Soviet Army. The list of awards he was awarded for participating in the battles and working life of the country: the Order of the Red Star, the Order of the Patriotic War II degree, three medals "For Courage", the medal "For the victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.", The medal " Twenty years of victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 ", medal" Twenty five years of victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 ", medal" Thirty years of victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 ", medal" Forty years of victory in The Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 ", medal" Fifty years of victory in B the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. ”, medal“ Sixty years of victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. ” For many years of labor in the post-war period he was awarded numerous medals (“Veteran of Labor”, “For Valiant Labor in commemoration of the 100th Birth Anniversary of V.I. Lenin”, “Winner of the Socialist Competition of 1973”, “70 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR” ), as well as diplomas and two honorary titles “Honored Economist”, “Honored Trade Worker of the Karakalpak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic” and the badge “Excellent Trade of Soviet Trade”. By the decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan I.A. Karimov of May 6, 1994, he was awarded the Zhasorat medal.
Utemuratov Minazh Utemuratovich
Utemuratov Minaj in March 1943 was called up from the Kara-Kalpak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of the Chimbay District to the ranks of the Soviet Army.
He participated in the liberation operations of the cities of Bard, Bad Doberan, Neubukov, Varin, Wittenberg.
He was awarded the medal "For Courage" for the honest execution of combat missions of business trips at the front. He received the gratitude announced by order of the Supreme Commander for crossing the Dnieper. He also received thanks from the command of the 378th Infantry Division for taking the city of Lomza in Poland.
Kadyrov Abdurashit resident of the city of Nukus, in 1941 went to the front to defend his homeland. He went through the whole war, participated in the battle of Königsberg. Winner of the medal "For the capture of Koenigsberg", "For the victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945", "For military merits", Order of the Patriotic War II degree.
Shonkakov Bekbauli was born in 1919 in Halkabad. He was the only son in the family, there were still three sisters.
In 1942 he went to the front. He participated in many battles, as well as in the capture of Koenigsberg. From the words of Shonkakov Bekbaula: “In winter we stood in a swamp, up to our necks in the water, holding supports in the form of a bridge so that vehicles could pass.
He was twice wounded. Once wounded in the back. He received a concussion, after which he lay in the hospital, where he helped orderlies during his treatment, for which he was awarded a medal.
He has many awards, like the medal "For the capture of Koenigsberg." There was a summons for his death, and in 1946 he returned alive home to Halkabad. He died in 2005.
Congratulations on your Day of Remembrance and Honors! We wish that there was always a peaceful sky above your head, that this world would bring only happiness, joy, cheerful smiles and sonorous laughter of children every day. Let the echoes of the war remain only in books and films, may pride in the hearts of our heroes of the Fatherland live in our hearts.